Birding in Madagascar

Birding in Madagascar, especially when searching for the full list of endemics, needs time as they are quite widespread the country. A good trip plan and great field knowledge, as well as local expertise, make our birding tour the most successful.

The birding fields from this continent-island range from tropical forests to wetlands and then to coastline as well as semi-desert areas.

Even Madagascar is among the world’s best biodiversity hotspots and that the wildlife exists for real, the climate change and the human pressure have greatly impacted the bird’s life and behaviour and tend the birds to escape to some specific areas.

For local experts like Cactus’ Team, it is possible to bird the whole year round but some period will require more time and energy than others due to the birds’ activities, pace and behaviour.


Physical requirements

The birding tours require a reasonable level of fitness. All Madagascar reserves and parks are mostly visited on food and same for the birding trails. The walking duration may vary from 30m to several hours – but at an acceptable pace for fit persons. Any physical limitations you might have should be notified on your reservation form.


Depending on your the type of tours, porters could be hired to help to carry equipment and luggages for your comfort. 

Weather (see climate & weather section)

As Madagascar has several micro-climates, it is always advised to bring light raincoat…

Climates will vary from the moist fresh rainforest to the dry desert areas with very high temperature. We will plan and cater the best possible to make you enjoy the birding sessions.


 most of the tours allow us to have a decent and good standard of accommodation. The best and comfortable possible are booked whenever it is possible. Any accommodation lower than the standard will be mentioned clearly – as that should be the best available of the nearest birding field.

International flights:

Antananarivo is the main airport to enter Madagascar for international flights.

You can consider flying with the following air companies depending on your departure location and routing:

  • Air France
  • Air Madagascar
  • Air Mauritius
  • Corsair
  • Turkish Airlines
  • Kenya Airways
  • Ethiopian Airlines
  • South African Airways/ Airlink
  • Air Austral
  • Ewa Air

Domestic flights

The tours might be slightly or entirely reviewed/customized as per the local flight schedules – or because of last minutes changes might occur by the air companies. We do our best then to re-arrange alternative plans, if necessary.

Being a local tour company, our team is very reactive and flexible regarding this.

Check-in luggage is generally limited to 20Kgs – the hand luggage should not exceed 8kgs.